CHANGING USE PATTERNS IN ACADEMIC LIBRARIES: THE CASE OF CHEMISTRY JOURNALS

 

Abstract

 

Academic libraries have been undergoing a tremendous amount of change over the past 10 years. The greatest amount of change has occurred with the acquisition and management of Web-based journals. Scientific journals have been migrating to the Web in great numbers. Both commercial and non-profit society publishers have been at the forefront of this transition. During this transition, the librarians at the Penrose Library of the University of Denver have been documenting a shift in usage patterns for scientific journals. Most print journals receive little use, and many Web-based journals are heavily used. Usage statistics are available from most non-profit society publishers, while many commercial publishers offer usage statistics for an extra cost. ISI citation statistics are available for most journals. This presentation, focusing on chemistry journals, will compare the use and costs of non-profit journals versus their commercial rivals at the University of Denver.

 

AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY (ACS) COMMITTEE ON PROFESSIONAL TRAINING

JOURNAL LIST FOR UNDERGRADUATE PROGRAMS (as of February 2003)

http://www.chemistry.org/portal/a/c/s/1/acsdisplay.html?DOC=education\cpt\library.html

 

 

Journal Title

Publisher

Commercial?

Annual Subscription price for 2004

GENERAL CONTENT

 

 

 

Accounts of Chemical Research

ACS

n

$513.00

Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)

John Wiley

Y

$4,499.00

Chemical Communications

Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC)

n

$1,725.00

Chemical Reviews

ACS

n

$946.00

Chemical Society Reviews

RSC

n

$487.00

Journal of Chemical Education

Section of Chemical Education, ACS

n

$225.00

Journal of the American Chemical Society

ACS

n

$3,086.00

Nature

Nature Pub. Group

y

$5,690.00

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

NAS

n

$1,320.00

Science

AAAS

n

$5,013.00

 

Journal Title

Publisher

Commercial?

Annual Subscription price for 2004

HIGHLY RECOMMENDED

 

 

 

Analytical Chemistry

ACS

n

$1,339.00

Biochemistry

ACS

n

$3,659.00

Chemistry of Materials

ACS

n

$1,359.00

Dalton Transactions

RSC

n

$2,698.00

Environmental Science & Technology

ACS

n

$1,469.00

Faraday Discussions

RSC

n

$644.00

Inorganic Chemistry

ACS

n

$2,539.00

Journal of Biological Chemistry

American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

n

$1,600.00

Journal of Chemical Physics

AIP

n

$5,270.00

Journal of Organic Chemistry

ACS

n

$2,086.00

Journal of Physical Chemistry A and B

ACS

n

$7,716.00

Langmuir

ACS

n

$2,839.00

Macromolecules

ACS

n

$2,546.00

Nature : Structural Biology (Nature : Structural and Molecular Biology)

Nature Pub. Group

y

$1,139.00

Organic Letters

ACS

n

$3,277.00

Organometallics

ACS

n

$2,393.00

Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry (formerly Perkin Transactions 1 and 2)

RSC

n

$3,589.00

 

 

ALSO RECOMMENDED

 

 

 

Biochemical Journal

Portland Press

y

$2,414.00

Bioconjugate Chemistry

ACS

n

$814.00

Bioorganic Chemistry

Academic Press / Elsevier

y

$470.00

Canadian Journal of Chemistry

National Research Council Canada

n

$1,051.00

Chemical Physics Letters

North Holland / Elsevier

y

$11,750.00

Chemistry : A European Journal

Wiley

y

$2,968.00

Chemistry and Biology

Cell Press / Elsevier

y

$1,339.00

Chemistry Letters (Japan)

Chemical Society of Japan

n

$203.00

European Journal of Biochemistry

Blackwell Publishing (on behalf of the Federation of European Biochemical Societies)

y

$3,287.00

European Journal of Organic Chemistry

John Wiley

y

$3,528.00

Helvetica Chimica Acta

John Wiley

y

$2,198.00

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

ACS

n

$1,661.00

Inorganica Chimica Acta

Elsevier

y

$8,202.00

Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry

Springer-Verlag Heidelberg

y

$950.00

Journal of Catalysis

Academic Press / Elsevier

y

$3,963.00

Journal of Chemical Information & Computer Science

ACS

n

$610.00

Journal of Chromatography A and B

Elsevier

y

$14,458.00

Journal of Coordination Chemistry

Taylor and Francis

y

$4,993.00

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry

Elsevier

y

$11,096.00

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

ACS

n

$1,782.00

Journal of Molecular Biology

Academic Press / Elsevier

y

$5,620.00

Journal of Organometallic Chemistry

Elsevier

y

$10,545.00

Journal of Polymer Science A and B

John Wiley

y

$12,975.00

Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry

John Wiley

y

$5,495.00

New Journal of Chemistry

RSC

n

$952.00

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

RSC

n

$2,607.00

Pure and Applied Chemistry

IUPAC

n

$1,166.00

Spectrochimica Acta A and B

Elsevier

y

$6,881.00

Tetrahedron

Elsevier

y

$15,126.00

Tetrahedron Letters

Elsevier

y

$11,017.00

Trends in Biochemical Sciences

Elsevier

y

$1,206.00

 

Noncommercial journal over $5,000

Commercial journal over $5,000

 


Local Usage of the Journals

 

 

Journal Title

DU Current Print subscription?

Print Uses in Current Periodicals

June 2001- June 2003

DU Online Access?

Online Uses

January 2002 December 2003

ISI Citaitons 1996-June 2003

GENERAL CONTENT

 

 

 

 

 

Accounts of Chemical Research

y

2

y

193

17

Angewandte Chemie (International Edition)

y

1

y

 

11

Chemical Communications

y

7

y

 

6

Chemical Reviews

y

0

y

144

15

Chemical Society Reviews

y

1

y

 

1

Journal of Chemical Education

y

2

y

 

3

Journal of the American Chemical Society

y

5

y

2177

232

Nature

y

34

part

3200

303

Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

y

0

y

674

275

Science

y

36

part

 

302

 

 

 

 

 

 

HIGHLY RECOMMENDED

 

 

 

 

 

Analytical Chemistry

y

8

y

427

32

Biochemistry

y

7

y

833

309

Chemistry of Materials

y

3

y

43

3

Dalton Transactions

y

1

y

 

5

Environmental Science & Technology

y

4

y

171

65

Faraday Discussions

y

0

y

 

16

Inorganic Chemistry

y

4

y

244

60

Journal of Biological Chemistry

y

2

n

 

181

Journal of Chemical Physics

y

9

y

 

222

Journal of Organic Chemistry

y

0

y

1709

72

Journal of Physical Chemistry A and B

y

2

y

578

36

Langmuir

y

0

y

280

4

Macromolecules

y

2

y

60

13

Nature : Structural Biology (Nature : Structural and Molecular Biology)

y

9

n

 

21

Organic Letters

n

N/A

y

978

15

Organometallics

n

N/A

y

49

1

Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry (formerly Perkin Transactions 1 and 2)

y

1

y

 

0

 

 

 

 

 

 

ALSO RECOMMENDED

 

 

 

 

 

Biochemical Journal

68-87

N/A

n

 

18

Bioconjugate Chemistry

n

N/A

y

50

0

Bioorganic Chemistry

none

N/A

part

 

0

Canadian Journal of Chemistry

y

0

n

 

19

Chemical Physics Letters

y

18

y

 

55

Chemistry : A European Journal

y

4

n

 

0

Chemistry and Biology

y

7

94-99

 

4

Chemistry Letters (Japan)

y

9

y

 

3

European Journal of Biochemistry

y

0

y

 

9

European Journal of Organic Chemistry

y

0

y

 

0

Helvetica Chimica Acta

y

0

n

 

2

Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research

50's to 91

N/A

y

58

1

Inorganica Chimica Acta

y

7

y

 

17

Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry

y

8

y

 

2

Journal of Catalysis

62-87

N/A

part

 

0

Journal of Chemical Information & Computer Science

75-91

N/A

y

32

0

Journal of Chromatography A and B

58-87

N/A

n

 

2

Journal of Coordination Chemistry

none

N/A

n

 

1

Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry

59-86

N/A

n

 

1

Journal of Medicinal Chemistry

y

2

y

91

5

Journal of Molecular Biology

y

0

part

 

127

Journal of Organometallic Chemistry

78-86

N/A

n

 

1

Journal of Polymer Science A and B

59-91

N/A

n

 

3

Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry

y

2

y

 

4

New Journal of Chemistry

none

N/A

n

 

1

Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics

y

0

y

 

3

Pure and Applied Chemistry

y

0

y

 

9

Spectrochimica Acta A and B

39-91

N/A

n

 

15

Tetrahedron

y

4

y

 

19

Tetrahedron Letters

y

3

y

 

21

Trends in Biochemical Sciences

y

3

n

 

12

 

Commercial journal cited over 50 times

Noncommercial journal cited over 50 times


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Results & Conclusions

 

 

Average price of commercial journals (25) $6,072.36

Average price of non-commercial journals (33) $2,096.48

 

2.9 : 1 Ratio

 

Commercial cost per citation ($151,809 / 648) $ 234.27

Noncommercial cost per citation ($69,184 / 1926) $ 35.92

 

6.5 : 1 Ratio

 

From looking at the print and electronic use data, one can see that our patrons use electronic journals much more often than print journals.

 

The citation data shows that noncommercial journals are cited much more often than the more expensive commercial journals. Nine noncommercial journals received more than 50 citations in a 7.5 year span. They were: Biochemistry, Science, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Journal of the American Chemical Society, Journal of Chemical Physics, Journal of Biological Chemistry, Journal of Organic Chemistry, Environmental Science & Technology, Inorganic Chemistry

 

The three main cited commercial journals are Nature, Chemical Physics Letters, and the Journal of Molecular Biology.