Bibliographic Information

Plough Boy Journals

The Plough Boy Anthology

THE WHALE-BOAT

Whale Boat - Deck View

DECK VIEW OF WHALE BOAT READY FOR THE CHASE.

Plate 191.

DECK VIEW OF WHALE BOAT READY FOR THE CHASE.

[Scale 1/8 inch to foot. Parts of boats designated by figures and, utensils by letters ] [number in parentheses indicates number of occurances]
1. Bow-chocks throngh which tow-line runs when fast to a whale. 19. Mid-ship thwart for mid-ship oarsman.
2. Lance straightener; a slot in gunwale for straightening bent irons. 20. Center-board, box and well.
3. Top or false chocks, nailed on gunwhales.(2) 21. Gunwales.
4. Box of boat. 22. Tub thwart for tub oarsman.
5. Clumsy-cleat or thigh thwart used by boat-steerer to steady himself during the capture. 23. After thwart.
6. Shackle or iron strap, for hoisting and lowering the boat to and from the ship. 24. Well for bailing boat.
7. Timbers of boat.(3) 25. Plug for letting water out of boat when on the cranes.
8. Platform (forward) upon which boat-steerer and officer stand when striking and working a whale. 26. Platform (aft) on which officer and boat-steerer stand when steering boat.
9. Risings, or top board of ceiling, on which the thwarts are placed and nailed.(2) 27. Standing cleats upon which officer stands when going on to a whale in order to get a longer view .
10. Harpooner thwart. 28. Cuddy board.
11. Knees on all thwarts.(4) 29. Cuddy-boards; cedar boards filling up the stern of boat from the cuddy-board aft to stern-post.(5)
12. Dunnage for all thwarts; the main thwart (16) is dunnage all the way across.(4) 30. Logger head strip, or lions tongue .'
13. Boat ceiling (inside planking); the bottom of boat.(3) 31. Logger-head; an upright post with enlarged head, around the neck of which runs the tow-line when fast to a whale and by which the line is managed.
14. Peak cleats; wooden cleats for the reception of the handles of the oars when apeak; used when fast to a whale, when the oarsmen are resting, &c.(4) 32. Boat-iron, or shackle, same as 6.
15. Peak cleat for tub-oar. 33. Rudder.
16. Bow thwart; a seat for the bow oarsman. 34. Tiller.
17. Mast-hinge and strap, showing mast-hinge block. 35. High and low rowlocks (wooden), with holes for the reception of shanks of rowlocks.(3)
18. Sail-cleats.(3) 36. Bow-cleats; nailed to gunwales, and used in bowing on a whale, and also as safeguard in case the tow-line should jump from bow-chocks and preventing it from sweeping the boat aft.(2)

A. First iron, shank resting in bow-chocks and handle in boat-crotch. J. Tub oar.
B. Second iron, placed in same position as first iron; the handle of first iron, which is the first instrument used, is placed in the top crotch; the handle of second iron is placed in the lower crotch; the extreme end of tow-line is bent in the eye of the first iron strap; these two irons are known as the live irons or live harpoons. K. Stroke-oar.
C. Spare irons on port side of boat above thwarts (the two other spare irons, one on either side of boat under thwarts cannot be shown in this plan).(2) L. Steering-oar, manipulated by officer of boat when going on to a whale.
D. Three lances (thrust by hand) on starboard side of boat, used in killing the whale. (3) M. Paddles.(5)
E. Boat spade on starboard side aft. N. Small tub with tow-line coiled down, containing 75 fathoms of line.
F. G. Harpooner oar. Q. Mast and sail.(2)
H. Bow-oar. R. Steering-oar brace.
I. Mid-ship oar. S. Lashing or strap for handle of steering-oar wheu not in use or fast to a whale.

Side view of whale boat

SIDE AND INTERIOR PLAN OF WHALE-BOAT.

Plate 192.

SIDE AND INTERIOR PLAN OF WHALE-BOAT.

[Length, 30 feet.]
1. Bow, chock, and roller. 15. Rudder.
2. Clumsy cleat, and hoisting eyebolt. 16. Rowlock for steering, oar.
3. Crotch for bow harpoon irons. 17. Hoisting eyebolt.
4. Harpooncr thwart. 18. Tiller.
5. Paddles. 19. Loggerhead.
6. Harpoon irons, lances on opposite side. 20. Boom for sail.
7. Rowlocks for oars. 21. Center case (small tub for 75 fathom-liue other side).
8. Bow thwart. 22. Large tub for whale line, 225 fathoms.
9. Midship thwart. 23. Gaff for sail.
10. Tub thwart. 24. Mast for sail.
11. After thawrt. 25. Keel and floor timbers.
12. Boat spades and waifs ( i.e. small flags to locate dead whale). 26. Main sheet.
13. Lantern keg. 27. Gunwale streak plank, 9 inches in widest part, generally colored blue in new boats. Timbers of boat of this size, about 6 inches apart (generally).
14. Piggin (for bailing boat, &c.) 28. Center-board partly down.

SOURCE.

Author: George Brown Goode
Title:       The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States
"Prepared through the co-operation of the Commissioner of Fisheries
and the Superintendent of the Tenth Census by George Brown Goode,
Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution and a staff of
associates
      Section V: Plates -- Plate 189: The Whale Fishery: Deck plan and sectional
plan of whaling bark Alice Knowles, of New Bedford, Mass.
(Sect. v, vol.ii, p.234.) Drawing by C.S. Raleigh.
Series: History and Methods of the Fisheries, (In two volumes, with
an atlas of two hundred and fifty-five plates)
Publisher: Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887.
and
Author: George Brown Goode
Title:       The Fisheries and Fishery Industries of the United States
"Prepared through the co-operation of the Commissioner of Fisheries
and the Superintendent of the Tenth Census by George Brown Goode,
Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution and a staff of
associates
      Section V: Plates -- Plate 189: The Whale Fishery: Deck plan and sectional
plan of whaling bark Alice Knowles, of New Bedford, Mass.
(Sect. v, vol.ii, p.234.) Drawing by C.S. Raleigh.
Series: History and Methods of the Fisheries, (In two volumes, with
an atlas of two hundred and fifty-five plates)
Series: Serial 2003 -- Miscellaneous Documents of the Senate of the United States
(First Session of the Forty-seventh Congress, 1881-'82),
Vol 11, 47th Congress, 1st Session, Mis. Doc. 124, Part 7.
Publisher: Washington: Government Printing Office, 1889.